Seminar On Digital audio broadcasting,

Ram Pothuraju


Digital audio broadcasting, DAB, is the most fundamental advancement in radio technology since that introduction of FM stereo radio. It gives listeners interference - free reception of CD quality sound, easy to use radios, and the potential for wider listening choice through many additional stations and services.
Description of Digital Audio Broadcasting

DAB is a reliable multi service digital broadcasting system for reception by mobile, portable and fixed receivers with a simple, non-directional antenna. It can be operated at any frequency from 30 MHz to 36Hz for mobile reception (higher for fixed reception) and may be used on terrestrial, satellite, hybrid (satellite with complementary terrestrial) and cable broadcast networks.DAB system is a rugged, high spectrum and power efficient sound and data broadcasting system. It uses advanced digital audio compression techniques (MPEG 1 Audio layer II and MPEG 2 Audio Layer II) to achieve a spectrum efficiency equivalent to or higher than that of conventional FM radio.The efficiency of use of spectrum is increased by a special feature called Single. Frequency Network (SFN). A broadcast network can be extended virtually without limit a operating all transmitters on the same radio frequency.


Digital audio compression allows the efficient storage and transmission of audio data. While quantizing, the number of quantizer levels is typically a power of 2 to make full use of a fixed no: of bits per audio sample to represent the quantized values. With uniform quantizer step spacing, each additional bit has the potential of increasing the signal to noise ratio. The typical number of bits per sample used for digital audio is 8, 16, 32, 64. The audio data on a compact disc (2 channels of audio samp1. at 44.1 KHz with 32 bits per sample) requires a data rate of 32x2x44xl000( megabits per second. Ti) transfer this uncompressed data requires a large data transfer rate and a larger bandwidth. Therefore audio data need to be compressed for efficient storage and transmission.


The input audio stream passes through a filter bank that divides the input into multiple sub-bands. The input audio stream simultaneously passed though a psycho acoustic model that determines the signal-to mask ratio of each sub-band. The bit allocation block uses the signal-to mask ratios to decide how to apportion the total no: of code bits available for the quantization of the sub-signals to minimize the audibility of the quantization noise. Finally, the last block takes the representation of the quantized audio samples and formats the data into a decodable bit stream.

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